Not So Basic Buttermilk Muffins: Choose Your Own Adventure

My Choose Your own Adventure Basic Buttermilk Muffins start with a fluffy and delicious muffin recipe. You can then add fruit, nuts, whatever you like, to make these muffins uniquely yours. The possibilities are endless!

Cupcake liner opened to reveal Cinnamon Swirl Streusel Muffin with a bite taken out
Cinnamon Swirl Streusel Muffins

The Best Buttermilk Muffin Recipe

When my kids were little, whenever we would go to the grocery store we would drop by the bakery department and pick out a different muffin for everyone. We’d get one of those white waxy bags and use those barely functional clear plastic tongs (attached with the curly phone cord thingy – like I was going to steal it) and grab a few cold, dense blueberry or chocolate chip muffins for the next morning’s breakfast. Sometimes The Boy would grab a day old at the counter – you know, the ones they wrapped tightly in plastic wrap with the big orange 50% OFF sticker? Those are my muffin memories. My kids are grown now, but it’s not too late to reshape their muffin memories with this amazing Basic Buttermilk Muffin: Choose Your Own Adventure recipe!

Why you need a Choose Your Own Adventure Muffin Recipe

If there is one thing I’ve learned over the years, it’s that, unless you have a teenager with a new license who’s itching to drive, no one wants to go to the store when you’ve forgotten an ingredient. Having a good set of Choose Your Own Adventure recipes at your disposal keeps you from being locked into a specific set of ingredients. With this Basic Muffin recipe, you can open your fridge or pantry and use whatever you have to make a muffin that’s guaranteed to be delicious. See some blueberries in the fridge that are on their last legs? Toss them in the batter! Have half a cup of toasted pecans too? Now you have Blueberry Pecan Muffins! As long as you have the basic muffin ingredients, you can have not so basic muffins!

What are the ingredients for the muffins?

  • All-purpose flour I find that all-purpose flour is the perfect flour for muffins, since you want a sturdy batter that will hold up under any and all add ins you’ll bring to your muffin party. Don’t worry about it being too dense though, that’s where the next ingredient comes in.
  • Buttermilk Because of its acidity, buttermilk acts as… let’s call it a pair of scissors. Your buttermilk scissors snip the gluten strands in the batter, making a more tender muffin. It also adds a nice amount of tang to your muffin, keeping it from being cloyingly sweet. (See additional note at the end of the recipe for buttermilk substitutes in case you run out!)
  • Granulated sugar There’s just half a cup of sugar in these muffins, so they’ll never be too sweet. But don’t forget that sugar is an important ingredient, even in savory muffins, so that your muffin will get all the nice brown bits that bring more flavor.
  • Baking powder and baking soda I use both of these leavening agents in my muffins, because they both act in a different way. As you recall from science class 🤓 baking soda is a base. When it gets together with the acidic buttermilk, they create carbon dioxide gas and… Did anyone else do baking soda and vinegar experiments in school, like the volcano eruption? Yeah, that’s how baking soda and buttermilk make your muffins rise. The baking powder does that as well, but it also works its magic a second time with…
  • High Heat I have you start your muffins at 425°F so when the high heat and baking powder react you get a nice doming on the top of your muffins. I don’t know about you, but a flat muffin just makes me sad 😞 After five minutes you drop the heat to 350° and finish baking. If you think you might forget to turn the temperature down (I may have done that a few times in testing), feel free to bake for 20-25 minutes at 375°. They may not dome as much, but will be equally delicious.
  • Butter and oil I use both because butter adds a great buttery flavor that can’t be beat, but it solidifies at room temperature. That’s where the oil comes in! By replacing half of the usual butter content with a vegetable oil, your muffins will stay soft and moist for much longer.
  • Eggs Eggs just bring it all home. They add flavor and structure, contribute to the rise, and keep the fat all evenly distribute throughout the muffin. Truly the unsung hero of the muffin. No one ever says “Mmm, such an eggy muffin!” but they sure would miss the eggs.

10 Amazing Muffin Variations

I want you to embrace this recipe with the confidence to make it your own. To get you started, I’m sharing my favorite 10 muffin variations, all of which my family lovingly taste-tested for you. These are only a few of the infinite possibilities, and that’s the point of a Choose Your Own Adventure recipe. Bakers, choose your muffins! 🏁

  • Streusel Topping (can go on any muffin variety) ¼ cup granulated sugar or brown sugar + ⅓ cup all-purpose flour + 3 tablespoons unsalted butter, chilled and cut into tiny pieces.

In a medium bowl combine the granulated sugar, flour, and butter. With your fingers, work in the butter pieces until the mixture is very crumbly and resembles a coarse meal. Add toasted nuts if you’re feeling crazy. The crumbs should be pea-sized, with some larger clumps. Refrigerate until ready to top muffin. Top each muffin with about a tbs of crumb topping. Bake as directed.  

Interior view of Blueberry Pecan Streusel Muffins
Blueberry Pecan Streusel Muffins
  • Cinnamon Swirl Streusel Muffins For the cinnamon swirl: ½ cup (65 g) finely chopped pecans + ⅓ cup (67 g) brown sugar + 2 tsp ground cinnamon

Add ½ tsp cinnamon to streusel topping above. Whisk together all filling ingredients until well combined. Set aside until ready to use. Place 2 tbs batter in each muffin liner. Top with 1 tsp cinnamon filling, swirl with a toothpick, and top with remaining 2 tbs muffin batter. Top with cinnamon streusel. Bake as directed. See the picture at the top of the page for this beautiful muffin.

  • For Jammy  Swirl Muffins  ½ cup jam of choice (not jelly, which will completely liquify when heated) + Sugar to sprinkle on top. 

Place 2 tablespoons of batter in the bottom of each paper liner. Top with a teaspoon of jam. Swirl a bit with a toothpick. Top with another 2 tablespoons of batter and top with another teaspoon of jam. Swirl again. Top each muffin with a sprinkle of sugar. Bake as directed.

Basic buttermilk Muffins swirled with blueberry and strawberry jam
Blueberry and Strawberry Jammy Muffins
  • Fruit Muffins Toss 1 ½ cups whole or chopped fruit with 2 tablespoons of your dry ingredients. Fold into the finished batter. Top with streusel (see above.) Bake as directed. 
Blueberry Streusel and Chocolate Chip Muffins, cooling on a wire rack.
Blueberry Streusel and Chocolate Chip Muffins
  • Chocolate Chip Muffins Toss 1 ½ cups chocolate chips with 2 tablespoons of your dry ingredients. Fold into the finished batter. Top scooped muffins with more chips. Bake as directed. 
  • For Banana Muffins Replace ½ of your buttermilk with 2 mashed bananas. and mix into wet ingredients. Toss in ½ cup of toasted walnuts or pecans, if you like. Bake as directed.
  • Double Chocolate Muffins Replace all-purpose flour with 1 ½ cups (195 g) all purpose flour and ½ cup (60g) of cocoa powder.  Add 1 cup of chocolate chips. Put some more chips on top before baking. Bake as directed. 
Double Chocolate Chip and Glazed Lemon Poppy Seed Muffins, cooling on a wire rack.
Double Chocolate Chip and Glazed Lemon Poppy Seed Muffins
  • Lemon Poppy Seed Muffins Stir the zest of 1 lemon and 1 tablespoon of poppy seeds into the buttermilk. Add 2 tablespoons of lemon juice to wet ingredients. Continue with mixing instructions. Bake as directed. Drizzle with lemon glaze made with 1 cup of powdered sugar + 2 tbs lemon juice. You can also cover each muffin with 1 tbs of streusel topping (see above), bake as directed, and drizzle with lemon glaze.
  • Apple Cinnamon Muffins  Replace granulated sugar with either light or dark brown sugar. Add 1 teaspoon of ground cinnamon. Fold in ¾ cup to 1 cup of diced apples. Top with streusel topping (see above.) Bake as directed. 
  • Peaches and Cream Muffins Fold 1 ½ cups of chopped peaches into muffin batter  (can use frozen, but do not defrost) Top with streusel topping (see above). Bake as directed. Allow muffins to cool for 10 minutes. Drizzle cooled muffins with vanilla glaze: 1 cup (120 g) confectioners’ sugar + 3 Tablespoons heavy cream or milk + ½ teaspoon vanilla extract or paste, all whisked together.

There are so many other varieties, I just couldn’t possibly list them all here. You’re only limited by your imagination, what’s in your pantry and fridge, or your willingness to put on pants and shoes and go to the store. Good luck and let me know what you bake up!

Cupcake liner opened to reveal Cinnamon Swirl Streusel Muffin with a bite taken out

Not So Basic Buttermilk Muffins: Choose Your Own Adventure

Choose Your Own Adventure Basic Buttermilk Muffins start with a fluffy and delicious basic muffin. Then you add fruit, nuts, whatever you like to make the muffins uniquely yours. You'll never buy grocery store muffins again!
5 from 1 vote
Print Pin Rate
Course: Breakfast, Brunch
Cuisine: American
Keyword: Bacon Corn Muffins, Basic Buttermilk Muffins, Basic Muffins, Buttermilk Muffins, Choose your own adventure
Prep Time: 15 minutes
Cook Time: 20 minutes
Total Time: 35 minutes
Servings: 12 Muffins
Calories: 205kcal


  • Standard size muffin pan


Dry Ingredients

  • 2 cups all purpose flour 260 g
  • 1/2 cup granulated sugar 100 g
  • 2 tsp baking powder
  • 1/2 tsp baking soda
  • 1/2 tsp kosher salt

Wet Ingredients

  • 2 large eggs room temperature
  • 1 cup buttermilk 240 g, room temperature
  • 1/4 cup unsalted butter 57 g, melted
  • 1/4 cup vegetable oil 60 g
  • 1 tsp vanilla extract or paste


  • Preheat oven to 425° Place cupcake liners in each cup of a standard size cupcake pan.
  • Whisk dry ingredients together in a medium bowl.
    Whisk together wet ingredients in another bowl.
    Add wet to dry and mix until just combined. Don't over mix. Just briong together until all the dry flour disappears. A few lumps are okay.
  • Gently fold in any add-ins that you have decided to include. See the post contents for variations I have tested for you, but don't be afraid to stretch your culinary wings!
  • Using a scoop or measuring cup, place ¼ cup of batter into each muffin cup (or, if you'd rather eyeball it, fill each cup ¾ full.) Sprinkle top with more granulated sugar or streusel, if desired. Bake at 425° for 5 minutes. After 5 minutes turn the oven down to 350°, without opening the oven door. Bake for another 15-18 minutes, or until a clean toothpick inserted into the center muffin comes out with fewm or no crumbs attached.


Nutrition information provided is only an estimate and will vary based on cooking methods and brands of ingredients used. Does not include the addition of any other ingredients.
  • Additional note on Buttermilk When it comes to the liquid I use in muffins, I sometimes make adjustments based on what I have in the fridge at the moment. You can absolutely use Greek yogurt or sour cream in place of the buttermilk, if that’s what you have on hand. If you substitute with milk – whole milk, skim milk, or almond milk for instance – remove the baking soda from the recipe and increase the baking powder to 3 teaspoons.
  • Don’t need a dozen muffins? This recipe is easily divided in half for 6 muffins. Sometimes I even make 6 of one muffin flavor and 6 of another. Have fun!


Calories: 205kcal | Carbohydrates: 25g | Protein: 4g | Fat: 10g | Saturated Fat: 7g | Trans Fat: 1g | Cholesterol: 40mg | Sodium: 246mg | Potassium: 61mg | Fiber: 1g | Sugar: 9g | Vitamin A: 191IU | Calcium: 71mg | Iron: 1mg


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